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Step 2: Gather

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Information Literacy Lessons: Gather




*Though many of these have certain grade levels listed, most could be adapted to any grade with minor tweaks.*


Finding Information


Lesson: Flow of Information (grades 4-12)

Students will understand that information takes a linear path, from the time an event/social movement/discovery first occurs until it is disseminated in different forms and identify the types of sources they need to consult.


Lesson: Highlighting (grades 2-12)

Students will be able to identify key phrases in an article. They will be able to discriminate between information which answers their research questions and information which is simply interesting.


Lesson: Identify Key Words, Synonyms, Key Phrases (grades 2-5)

Students will be able to identify key words and phrases in their questions and generate synonyms when necessary.


Lesson: Scanning (grades 3-12)

Students will know the purpose of scanning. They will be able to locate specific facts, key words, or phrases within a text. They will know to use the organizational tools such as a table of contents and index.


Lesson: Scanning for Visual Details (grades 4-8)

Students will be able to locate visual details within images. They will be able to look at an image's larger context to gain insights into the meaning of visual details. They will be able use captions to locate and identify meaning.


Lesson: Selecting the Right Source (grades 3-12)

Students will be able to choose appropriate information resources (e.g. people, places) and appropriate reference sources (e.g. dictionaries, indexes) to find useful information.


Lesson: Skimming (grades 3-12)

Students will know how and why to skim textual material. They will identify the main ideas of a text by reading first and last paragraphs, topic sentences, and noting other organizational clues such as title, type, captions, etc.


Lesson: What are primary resources (grades 4-12)

A simple definition of primary resources for students along with some lessons they can do to find and evaluate primary resources.



Evaluating Information


Lesson: Determining Authority and Accuracy (grades 3-12)

Students will know that they must identify the author (person or organization), evaluate the expertise of the author, and determine if they feel the source is trustworthy and accurate.


Lesson: Determining Currency (grades 3-12)

Students will know to always check the date the information they are using was produced. They will understand that subjects or fields of inquiry that are rapidly changing require the most current information.


Video: Determining the Difference Between Fiction and Non-Fiction (grades K-2)

A video highlighting the differences. At the end of the video there is a link to an interactive game that is no longer available, but the video may be useful.


Lesson: Determining Point of View (grades 3-12)

Students will learn to determine point of view or bias of an information source in order to better evaluate the accuracy and usefulness of the information. They will be able to identify inherent biases or limitations.


Lesson: Determining Relevancy (grades 4-8)

Students will learn skills for evaluating information they retrieve from searching book catalogs, article indexes, and web search tools in order to ascertain if they are useful to answer their research question.


Lesson: Fiction Versus Non-Fiction Practice (grades K-2)

Read the text or listen to the audio to determine whether the item is fiction or non-fiction.


Lesson: Fiction or Nonfiction Quiz (grades K-2)

Online quiz asking students whether something is fiction or nonfiction.


Lesson: Framing and Point of View (grades 5-12)

Students will recognize the three types of photo shots: close-up, medium, and long. They will understand that framing affects meaning: details in close-ups, relationships in medium shots, and context in long shots.


Lesson: Parts of a Book (grades K-2)

Multiple different games to help students determine the different parts of a book.


Lesson: The Function of Images in Text (grades 8-12)

Students will be able to recognize that images can have different functions in a text. They will be able to understand that the same image can function in more than one way depending on context.


Lesson: Images as Persuasion (grades 6-12)

Students will be able to understand that images can function as a means of persuasion.


Lesson: Scholarly Journals vs. Popular Magazines (grades 8-12)

This is a PowerPoint presentation designed to teach the difference between journals and magazines.



Using Computers to Find Information


Lesson: Boolean Operators (grades 4-12)

Students will know the definition of Boolean logic and Boolean operators. They will be able to use Boolean operators to connect key ideas and conduct searches.


Lesson: Choosing Best Results/Hits (grades 3-12)

Students will be able to identify the best hits/results by reading the title, description, and web address on a results page. They will be able to defend their choice when asked about their choices.


Lesson: Creating an Effective Search Statement (grades 6-12)

Students will be able to identify the keywords/phrases of their topics. They will be able to create a search statement using Boolean operators to connect elements of their topics.


Lesson: Evaluating General Web Search Tools: Which are Best? (grades 7-12)

Students will understand and differentiate between general and subject-specific search engines/directories. They will be able to critically evaluate the best tool for their search needs.


Lesson: Evaluating Websites (grades K-1)

Students evaluate a children's website where they will rate the informational value of the website and compare with classmates to determine that not everyone views the information sites the same.


Lesson: Evaluating Websites (grades 2-3)

Students explore, evaluate and compare the informational value of websites.


Lesson: Evaluating Websites (grades 8-12)

Students will be able to use a critical eye when looking at a website. They will be able to identify the purpose of a website and be able to define criteria for looking critically at a website.


Lesson: General Web Search Tools (grades 8-12)

Students will know the definitions of the three major web search tools: search engine, directory and metasearch engine. They will be able to distinguish when to use these different tools.


Lesson: Internet Safety (grades K-3)

Watch the video about being safe on the Internet, including chatting with strangers, opening emails from strangers, sharing personal information, making safe passwords, etc. Then click on Game or Activity on the bottom and use them for interactive lessons.


Lesson: Locating Images (grades 4-12)

Students will be able to effectively search for images using Google. They will be able to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant images, refine the search, copy images into a Word document, and cite appropriate sources.


Lesson: Online Search Techniques: Six Keys to Success (grades 8-12)

Students will be aware of basic and advanced searches and when to use them. They will be able to use Boolean operators and search by exact phrase. They will understand how to use truncation and limits to change their results.


Lesson: Searching Specialized Databases - The Invisible Web (grades 5-12)

Students will learn about valuable information available from specialized databases that can not be retrieved from searching general search engines. They will learn how to think critically about searching for information.


Lesson: Understanding URLs (grades 4-12)

Students will learn the different domain suffixes (.org, .com, .gov, etc.), the organizations represented by each, and evaluate websites for relevancy, authority, accuracy, and point of view.



Recording and Citing Information


Worksheet: Source Notes (grades 2-12)

These worksheets provide guidelines for students to record citation information as well as their notes, data, interpretation, hypothesis, analysis, thoughts, ideas, and concerns.



Reference Materials



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